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Linux 系统安装Redmine

时间:2018-07-02 09:32  来源:未知  阅读次数: 复制分享 我要评论

安装基本的软件环境

# yum install zip unzip libyaml-devel zlib-devel curl-devel openssl-devel httpd-devel apr-devel apr-util-devel mysql-devel gcc ruby-devel gcc-c++ make postgresql-devel ImageMagick-devel sqlite-devel perl-LDAP mod_perl perl-Digest-SHA

安装MySQL

添加mysql源

# CentOS6

# rpm -Uvh http://repo.mysql.com//mysql57-community-release-el6-8.noarch.rpm

# CentOS7

# rpm -Uvh http://repo.mysql.com//mysql57-community-release-el7-8.noarch.rpm

安装mysql

# yum install mysql-community-server

设置自启,并启动mysql服务

# chkconfig mysqld on
# service mysqld start

查看安装完成后生成的root临时密码

# grep 'temporary password' /var/log/mysqld.log

运行mysql安全配置

# mysql_secure_installation

安装PHP、php-fpm和phpMyAdmin

安装php、php-fpm和相关扩展包

# yum install php php-mysql php-gd php-imap php-ldap php-mbstring php-odbc php-pear php-xml php-xmlrpc php-pecl-apc php-soap php-fpm

设置自启,并启动php-fpm服务

# chkconfig php-fpm on
# service php-fpm start

添加rpmforge源

# CentOS6

# rpm -Uvh http://pkgs.repoforge.org/rpmforge-release/rpmforge-release-0.5.3-1.el6.rf.x86_64.rpm

# CentOS7

# rpm -Uvh http://pkgs.repoforge.org/rpmforge-release/rpmforge-release-0.5.3-1.el7.rf.x86_64.rpm

安装phpMyAdmin

# yum install phpmyadmin

修改phpMyAdmin虚拟目录配置文件,允许远程访问

# vi /etc/httpd/conf.d/phpmyadmin.conf

(Apache 2.2) 把 "Allow from 127.0.0.1" 修改为 "Allow from all"

Allow from all

(Apache 2.4) 添加 "Require all granted"

Require all granted

修改phpMyAdmin配置文件config.inc.php,将认证方式 'cookie' 改为 'http'

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['auth_type'] = 'http';

方式一:Apache下使用php-fpm运行php

安装Apache

# yum install httpd

修改php apache配置文件

# vi /etc/httpd/conf.d/php.conf

如果php-fpm使用的是TCP socket

<FilesMatch \.php$>                                                                                             
    SetHandler "proxy:fcgi://127.0.0.1:9000"
</FilesMatch>

如果用的是unix socket

复制代码
<Proxy "unix:/var/run/php-fpm/php-fpm.sock|fcgi://php-fpm">
    ProxySet disablereuse=off
</Proxy>

<FilesMatch \.php$>
    SetHandler proxy:fcgi://php-fpm
</FilesMatch>
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设置自启,并启动apache服务

# chkconfig httpd on
# service httpd start

方式二:Nginx下使用php-fpm运行php

添加nginx源

# vi /etc/yum.repos.d/nginx.repo

[nginx]
name=nginx repo
baseurl=http://nginx.org/packages/mainline/OS/OSRELEASE/$basearch/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=1

根据操作系统类型,替换 “OS” 为 “rhel” 或 “centos”,“OSRELEASE” 为 “5”, “6”, 或 “7

安装Nginx

# yum install nginx

修改nginx配置文件

# vi /etc/nginx/nginx.conf

如果php-fpm使用的是TCP socket

复制代码
# pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
location ~ \.php$ {
    try_files $uri =404;
    fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
    fastcgi_index index.php;
    fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
    include fastcgi_params;
}
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如果用的是unix socket

复制代码
# pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on unix:/var/run/php-fpm/php-fpm.sock
location ~ \.php$ {
    try_files $uri =404;
    fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php-fpm/php-fpm.sock;
    fastcgi_index index.php;
    fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
    include fastcgi_params;
}
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安装Ruby

安装ruby版本管理器RVM

# \curl -sSL https://get.rvm.io | bash
# source /etc/profile.d/rvm.sh

列出所有ruby版本

# rvm list known

Redmine 3.2不支持Ruby 2.3,所以安装Ruby 2.2

# rvm install 2.2

检查ruby版本

# ruby -v

安装Rubygems(Ruby包管理器)

# yum install rubygems

Apache下安装Passenger

# gem install passenger --no-ri --no-rdoc
# passenger-install-apache2-module

命令执行完后按照提示进行配置passenger的虚拟目录文件

# vi /etc/httpd/conf.d/passenger.conf

LoadModule passenger_module /usr/local/rvm/gems/ruby-2.3.1/gems/passenger-5.0.28/buildout/apache2/mod_passenger.so
<IfModule mod_passenger.c>
    PassengerRoot /usr/local/rvm/gems/ruby-2.3.1/gems/passenger-5.0.28
    PassengerDefaultRuby /usr/local/rvm/gems/ruby-2.3.1/wrappers/ruby
</IfModule>

为Redmine创建空数据库和用户

登陆mysql

# mysql -u root -p

进行相关数据库配置

mysql> CREATE DATABASE redmine CHARACTER SET utf8;
mysql> CREATE USER 'redmine'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'my_password';
mysql> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON redmine.* TO 'redmine'@'localhost';

安装Redmine

下载Redmine

# cd /var/www
# wget http://www.redmine.org/releases/redmine-3.2.2.tar.gz

解压并重命名文件夹

# tar xfz redmine-3.2.2.tar.gz
# mv redmine-3.2.2 redmine
# rm -rf redmine-3.2.2.tar.gz

配置redmine数据库连接字符串

# cd /var/www/redmine/config
# cp database.yml.example database.yml

# vi database.yml

复制代码
production:
  adapter: mysql2
  database: redmine
  host: localhost
  username: redmine
  password: "my_password"
  encoding: utf8
复制代码

安装依赖包(使用依赖包管理工具Bundler)

# cd /var/www/redmine
# gem install bundler
# bundle install --without development test

为了提高下载gem包速度,可以使用国内的淘宝源,你可以用 Bundler 的 Gem 源代码镜像命令

# bundle config mirror.https://rubygems.org https://ruby.taobao.org

生成安全Token

# bundle exec rake generate_secret_token

创建redmine数据库表

# RAILS_ENV=production bundle exec rake db:migrate
# RAILS_ENV=production bundle exec rake redmine:load_default_data

激活FCGI

# cd /var/www/redmine/public
# cp dispatch.fcgi.example dispatch.fcgi
# cp htaccess.fcgi.example .htaccess

安装mod_fcgi

# yum install epel-release  (安装epel源)
# yum install mod_fcgid

Redmine配置

# cd /var/www/redmine/config
# cp -v configuration.yml.example configuration.yml

(可选)更改附件文件存放路径

# mkdir -p /opt/redmine/files
# chown -R apache:apache /opt/redmine

# vi configuration.yml

attachments_storage_path: /opt/redmine/files

(可选)配置日志

# cp -v additional_environment.rb.example additional_environment.rb

# vi additional_environment.rb

#Logger.new(PATH,NUM_FILES_TO_ROTATE,FILE_SIZE)
config.logger = Logger.new('/path/to/logfile.log', 2, 1000000)
config.logger.level = Logger::INFO

(可选)配置Email(sendmail方式)

# vi configuration.yml

production:
  email_delivery:
    delivery_method: :sendmail

给Redmine创建虚拟目录

# vi /etc/httpd/conf.d/redmine.conf

复制代码
Alias /redmine /var/www/redmine/public
<Location /redmine>
    PassengerBaseURI /redmine
    PassengerAppRoot /var/www/redmine
    PassengerRuby /usr/local/rvm/gems/ruby-2.2.5/wrappers/ruby
</Location>
<Directory /var/www/redmine/public>
    Allow from all
    Options -MultiViews
    # Uncomment this if you're on Apache >= 2.4:
    #Require all granted
</Directory>
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启动Redmine

# cd /var/www
# chown -R apache:apache redmine
# chmod -R 755 redmine
# service httpd restart
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